Anterior cruciate ligament, Arthroscopy, Hip Replacement, Knee, knee replacement, Orthopedic surgery, Sports Medicine, surgery
Sydney Orthopaedic Specialists give the “good oil” on Knees
The knee joint, which appears like a simple hinge-joint, is one of the most complex
joint. Moreover, the knee is more likely to be injured than is any other joint in the body.
Knee joint must be regarded as consisting of three articulations in one: two condyloid joints, one between each condyle of the femur and the corresponding meniscus and condyle of the tibia; and a third between the patella and the femur, partly arthrodial,
but not completely so, since the articular surfaces are not mutually adapted to each other, so that the movement is not a simple gliding one.
We tend to ignore our knees until something happens to them that causes pain. If we take good care of our knees now, before there is a problem, we can really help ourselves. In addition, if some problems with the knees develop, an exercise program can be extremely beneficial. To understand the functions, conditions, surgeries & procedures of the knee better, we have included an interactive animated presentation.
Click on the topics below to go the desired section
Knee Anatomy :: Knee Arthroscopy
ACL Reconstruction :: Total Knee Replacement
Uniknee Replacement :: Revision Knee Replacement
Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint
How does the Knee joint work?
Find out more in this web based movie.
Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.
The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.
Find out more about Knee Arthroscopy from the following links.
Total Knee Replacement (TKR)
A total knee replacement (TKR) or total knee arthroplasty is a surgery that resurfaces an arthritic knee joint with an artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the ‘prostheses’.
Find out more about Total Knee Replacement with the following links.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament ACL Reconstruction
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee. It is a strong rope like structure located in the centre of the knee running from the femur to the tibia. When this ligament tears unfortunately it doesn’t heal and often leads to the feeling of instability in the knee.
ACL reconstruction is a commonly performed surgical procedure and with recent advances in arthroscopic surgery can now be performed with minimal incisions and low complication rates.
ACL Reconstruction Hamstring Tendon
ACL Reconstruction Patellar Tendon
Uni Condylar Knee Replacement
This simply means that only a part of the knee joint is replaced through a smaller incision than would normally be used for a total knee replacement. The knee joint is made up of 3 compartments, the patellofemoral and medial and lateral compartments between the femur and tibia (i.e. the long bones of the leg). Often only one of these compartments wears out, usually the medial one. If you have symptoms and X-ray findings suggestive of this then you may be suitable for this procedure.
Find out more about Unicondylar Knee Replacement with the following links.
Revision Knee Replacement
This means that part or all of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from very minor adjustments to massive operations replacing significant amounts of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.
Find out more about Revision Knee Replacement with the following links.
Please use the links below to get more information from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons:
Broken Bones and Injury
Common Knee Injuries
Hamstring Muscle Strain
Muscle Strains in the Thigh
Femur (Thighbone) Fractures in Adults
Femur (Thighbone) Fractures in Children Growth Plate Fractures Proximal Tibia Fractures
Shinbone (Tibia) Fractures
Tears and Instability
Ligament Injuries of the Knee
Meniscus, Tears of
Posterior Cruciate Ligament, Tears of
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)
Runner’s Knee (Patellofemoral Pain)
Diseases and Syndromes
Bursitis of the Knee: Goosefoot (Pes Anserine)
Bursitis of the Knee: Kneecap (Prepatellar)
Limb Length Discrepency
Osteonecrosis of the Knee
Arthritis of the Knee
Osteoarthritis of Knee — Social Impact
Osteoarthritis of the Knee – Frequently Asked Questions
Burning Thigh Pain (Meralgia paresthetica)
Knee Pain, Adolescent Anterior
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)
Runner’s Knee (Patellofemoral Pain)
Treatment and Rehabilitation
Osteoarthritis: Surgical Treatment
Anesthesia for Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee Replacement and Implants
Knee Replacement, Cemented and Cementless
Knee Replacement, Minimally Invasive
Knee Replacement, Osteotomy and Unicompartmental Replacement (Arthroplasty)
Total Knee Replacement
Care of Casts and Splints
How to use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers
Viscosupplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Arthroscopy and Reconstruction
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Surgical Considerations in
Knee Arthroscopy, Exercise Guide
Knee Replacement – Exercise Guide
Knee Replacement, Activities After
- Obese Are Three Times as Likely to Need a Hip or Knee Replacement (earlsview.com)
- Knee Replacement Rates Soar (earlsview.com)
- Pain in knee after total knee replacement a year ago. What are the options? (zocdoc.com)
- Is knee arthroscopy safer than open-knee surgery? (zocdoc.com)
- I’m waiting months to see a specialist. What can I do? (theglobeandmail.com)
- Men Seem More Likely Than Women to Develop Hole in Knee Cartilage (nlm.nih.gov)
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