General practitioner, Health, Health insurance, hip, Hip Replacement, Insurance, Magnetic resonance imaging, Metal Hypersensitity, Metal Ion Hypersensitivity, Metal-on-Metal components, MoM Hips, X-ray computed tomography
Linda – Metallosis NHS Linda’s story
Source: click here
21st June 2011
I was almost 55 at the time of I had my right hip resurfaced in 2005 and had it done locally in Plymouth, Devon. Because I had private medical insurance through my employment, I was referred to a surgeon at the local private hospital who suggested that resurfacing would probably be a better option than THR for me as I was still relatively young. Although he made it clear that the procedure was relatively untried at that point in time, he also said he’d done over 24 of the procedures and was very pleased with the results. I’ve never been the sort of person to question or doubt an expert – if he said it would be a good idea, then I was happy with that; I just wanted rid of the arthritic pain and get back to a normal existence. It was not until I found the hipsrus and surfacehippy Yahoo groups while convalescing postoperatively that I discovered this was a very technically demanding procedure and it was advisable to have it done by a surgeon who had performed many more than the 25 or so mine had experience of.
But I remained optimistic that I’d be OK. I had a few issues with the hip feeling as if it was moving out of place and then back again sometimes in the first few weeks of recovery, but then things improved and from 2006 to 2008 the hip felt pretty good – I could walk normally and could lead with that leg going upstairs with no problem. There was the occasional squeak but that was all and a lot of the time I almost forgot I had a ‘false’ hip at all.
In the summer of 2008 it suddenly started squeaking much more and then, in the autumn, I got pain in the groin such that I found it painful to lift the leg when standing (for instance to lift the leg a few inches to step into a shoe). Having discovered how important surgeon experience was, and still able to see someone of my choosing because I had private insurance, I decided to see a top consultant rather than return to a local one. I was also just becoming aware of the metallosis issues that were emerging.
The consultant concerned said my cup angle was not ideal given the state of knowledge in 2008 but that it could have been an X-ray of a hip he himself had done in 2005 – the implication being that my surgeon had not done anything wrong, but rather that knowledge had improved between 2005 and 2008. From what I’ve read more recently, the opinions on ideal angles may have been revised yet again since 2008. The following investigations/procedures were done – ultrasound, aspiration of fluid from the joint and a right psoas tendon steroid injection. The doctor who performed the ultrasound said there was more fluid around the joint than there should be at 3 years, and there was some echogenic material in there (I never managed to get an explanation of what that meant) but I was also told that nothing unexpected had been found. I cannot now remember the colour of the aspirated fluid but I do remember asking about it as it looked alarming to me (not that I knew what it should look like!) and was told that, if metal was present, the fluid would look like it contained coffee grounds, which mine didn’t. The pain gradually subsided over a period of a few weeks.
However, the hip has never felt the same again since that episode as it did in the ‘good’ period between 2006 and 2008. I’ve experienced more frequent squeaking, as well as a grinding sensation quite regularly. If I lie on my back and let my right foot flop outwards, there is a definite clicking sensation in the hip if I then move the foot to be pointing to the ceiling again (though that movement is not painful as such). The hip has very definitely felt weak since then – I’m unable to lead with my right leg going upstairs unless holding onto a rail and I’ve been constantly aware of the presence of something ‘alien’ in my hip, even when it’s not exactly painful, in a way which just wasn’t the case during that 2006-2008 period.
I had another distinctly painful episode in the summer of 2010 – again in the groin area and around the outside of the hip, also on the outside of the knee. I was limping again and the hip was very sore and uncomfortable in bed, such that I had to sleep on my back. This episode lasted about a month. Things gradually improved again over the course of a few weeks and I was back to being relatively pain-free, though there was that distinct squeaking quite frequently, and also the definite grinding sensation when walking upstairs and during certain other movements. I would also regularly experience a strange pain down the front of my thigh – more like something coming from a nerve rather than purely physical. It would sometimes make me gasp and I would have to stop walking or standing and take the weight off it for a few minutes. But ROM was fine and I could do a walk of 2 or 3 miles on the flat without too much trouble.
In the autumn of 2010 I received a letter which was being sent out re the problems being found with some MOM resurfacings. I decided to see my GP and ask for everything to be checked out even though I was going through a relatively good period. He was a bit reluctant to refer me, saying that any problems were seen in the first five years so there probably wasn’t anything wrong. But he did do a referral and I saw a different consultant from the one who did my operation, but at the same private hospital (this time on the NHS as I no longer had private medical insurance). He was also reassuring, but decided to do a blood test, CT scan and MRI scan. He told me that the metal ions in the blood were elevated but that was to be expected, that the MRI scan didn’t show anything and that the CT scan might indicate some loosening of the cup so he wanted to see me again in six months’ time to keep an eye on it. That follow-up visit took place on June 6th 2011 and a couple of X-rays were done before the consultation to check for any evidence of cup loosening.
Meanwhile I’d continued to have the squeaking pretty regularly, the grinding (particularly when going upstairs) and the strange pain down the front of the thigh from time to time, but I was functioning reasonably well most of the time even though the hip continued to feel not quite right.
A couple of weeks before the appointment on June 6th I started again with significant pain and tenderness in the whole hip area and I’ve been unable to lie on my side in bed. If I try to turn over in bed it feels like something is grinding and moving in the hip and I’m only free of pain when I lie on my back. I’ve been noticeably limping again.
At the June 6th appointment my consultant told me the X-rays did show quite a steep cup angle but he had other patients with an equally steep angle who were happy. He also said there was no evidence of cup loosening. I discussed with him my concerns but, while he couldn’t give me any particular reason for my symptoms, he didn’t seem to think that I needed to be concerned about metallosis and that I needed to think about whether my symptoms were bad enough to warrant a revision or whether I was better off living with them. He told me a resurfacing revision was difficult and, when I asked, said he had done five. I didn’t ask, but it may be that none of those were for metallosis, and therefore it’s quite possible he’s had no experience at all of revising a hip with damaged surrounding tissues.
I discussed the possibility of seeking opinions from other surgeons, which he was quite happy with, and he arranged for me to have a CD-ROM of the X-rays, CT and MRI scans to take along to any further consultations I arranged.
From my internet research I was aware of Vicky and her website so, that afternoon, I decided to write to her telling my story as I’ve done here, and ask if she thought my symptoms could be caused by something less potentially damaging than metallosis. She immediately wrote back with an offer to consult with some top surgeons but needed my X-rays and blood results. Because I’d never seen the actual blood results I had to get those sent to me. I sent Vicky the X-rays and a copy of the blood results when they arrived and waited for the response. By Sunday June 12th Vicky had forwarded responses from six surgeons, all of whom said the metal ions in the blood were sky high, the cup angle was too steep, my symptoms indicated metallosis and I needed a revision as soon as possible to prevent further damage.
As I’ve read that resurfacing revisions for metallosis can be tricky, given the damage to soft tissue and bone which can be found when they operate, I am keen to have this operation done soon, but by someone who has done more than five resurfacing revisions, and by someone who has experience with dealing specifically with the metallosis damage.
I am currently battling to have this done on the NHS at a hospital where I feel they have the necessary expertise, but a rather unsympathetic and unknowledgeable GP (you have to have a GP referral whether getting NHS or private treatment) is making the task difficult. I have appealed directly to the local health trust that I should be referred somewhere with specific expertise of this issue, and I’m waiting to hear what they have to say. If I haven’t made headway soon with the NHS we will have to pay for private revision – my husband and I don’t want to risk further problems due to surgeon inexperience.
I’ll update as the story progresses. To be continued…..
One of the consultants Vicky spoke to calculated out Linda’s numbers to parts per billion or PPB which is what the surgeons all go by. Most say that anything above 10 is considered high. Linda’s numbers currently are as of September 21, 2010
- Chromium 119
- Cobalt 149.27
27th June 2011 update
Last Thursday I received a confirmation from the Patient Advice and Liaison Service lady dealing with my case that I had a right to an NHS referral for a second opinion to a hospital department of my choice which appeared on the ‘choose and book’ system. After that, if the diagnosis was that a revision was necessary, I would have the right to have that revision done at the same place.
After considering all the pros and cons I decided I’d like to be dealt with by the team in Stockton-on-Tees, on the basis that they now have the most experience in dealing with patients with this particular issue of metallosis.
I’ve seen a different GP this morning who was actually interested and concerned, and will be doing a referral today to Tony Nargol at Stockton Nuffield.
Technorati Tags: Aseptic Loosening, Chrome Poisoning , Chronic Pain, Cobalt Chrome, Cobalt Ions, Cobalt Poisoning, Hip failure, Hip Pain, Hip Replacement, Hip Resurfacing, Hip Revision, Metal Hypersensitity, Metal Ions, Metal on Metal Hips, Metallosis, MoM hips
- Associate Professor Michael J. Neil – Doesn’t Recommend Resurfacing (earlsview.com)
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- Bruce Greenfield may be the last New Zealander implanted with a faulty hip joint (earlsview.com)
Howard Sadwin said:
Be strong and get well. What was the device originally used?
Your story is very similar to mine. I had a left BHR in 2001. For two years I was fine, very active and very happy with it.
Late in 2003 I had an autoimmune reaction and ended up in hospital as an emergency and eventually put on steroids. After that I was in constant pain from my hip, I had clicking, squeaking and all sorts of symptoms. An ultrasound scan revealed a cyst but nothing more.
Eventually I saw a different consultant who removed the metal implant and replaced it with a ceramic one. Unfortunately, I have never been completely well since. I have now been diagnosed with chromium poisoning and am due to see a toxicologist.
I feel cheated out of the eight years of my life as have been unwell all this time.
michael barrow said:
ive just had my 1st consultation have raised cobalt an chromium levels black spots seen around the hip and now been sent for bone scan and mri scan im suffering from what i think are are symptoms of metallosis but the doctors fefuse to confirm this have u had problems in getting the metallosis confirmed i had the full mom in 2005 please reply mick
It sounds just like mine. Hurts like hell and made me sick and lethargic too. For some professional reason they have their head up their arse which is quite a trick! Suggest you get referred to more honest surgeons. Contact the medical authorities and they will tell you which surgeons are doing most of the hip revisions. Don’t take no for an answer.
robert mckenna said:
Hi Linda and other bloggers,
I too had a BHR (right hip) in Sydney in 2000. I was then a 57 yr old very active male and the op went well and everything was rosy for a few years before gradual pain in the groin developed in 2003. Eventually the hip collapsed suddenly as I was rising from a settee and I had to urgently get crutches and an urgent referral to my surgeon. The X-rays showed the femoral cap had dislodged and was at an extreme angle due to avascular necrosis of the femoral head. I have since learned that this is an extremely rare complication and I have to wonder whether surgical technique might have had something to do with it ( my surgeon had not done many resurfacings at that time despite being one of the leading hip and knee men in Sydney – he now does not recommend resurfacings). The revision in 2004 left the acetabular cup in place but a metal insert was put in together with the femoral stem with a metal ball – thus still a MoM prosthesis. This went well until rerecently when I had just an occasional felling of mild discomfort in the groin area. I was still very active and would regularly walk more than 5 km each day without any difficulty. As I had seen reports of the DePuy recall of their MoM prosthesis because of cobalt problems I decided to have blood tests done which showed cobalt levels 6 time higher than the upper levels of normal. Subsequent X-rays showed large cysts in the acetabulum above the cup (metallosis or osteolysis). My surgeon recommended immediate removal which was done 6 weeks ago with bone grafts into the holes left by the cysts and a new metal cup with ceramic insert and a ceramic ball on the existing femoral stem. Slow recovery with residual unexplained pain in various locations (buttock, right side of knee, inner thigh, groin). X-rays show everything in order so CT scans now planned.
As you might appreciate I am extremely less than happy having walked almost pain free into hospital 6 weeks ago and now 6 weeks later still on crutches with unexplained pain and discomfort.
All this would probably have been avoided had a conventional hip replacement (metal on polyethylene) been done in 2000.
michael barrow said:
hello linda ive just read this site with great interest im current awaiting the mri sca n etc im suffering quite a few symptoms which i relate to metallosis i had the full mom hip replacement in 2005 but my doctors flatly refuse to confirm this even suggesting i was cracking up did u or anyone else have the same views from the doctors i find this so annoying its like they dont care or are ignorant to the facts of metallosis they seem to be ignoring my symptoms thou they are going by the guide lines set out for us with mom hips my cobalt and chromium levels are no where near as high as yours but they are high im very concerned but dont have anyone to talk to as such i wish u all the best for the future do u know any uk sites?
It doesn’t surprise me. I had a total hip replacement with S&N metal on metal in 2008 and it hurt from day one almost. My cobalt and chromium levels weren’t as high as some of the DePuy ASR or S&N BHR problems but I had bone loss, tissue damage and the stem came loose. It is well documented that metal on metal has caused havoc around the world but the Orthopaedic companies and the metal on metal hip surgeons don’t like to admit the problem. They try to make you think you have a problem adjusting or are just some idiot who is over sensitive to pain!!! Get a second opinion. Talk to the UK MHRA and they will tell you metal on metal is bad and give you the names of some honest surgeons.