Outcomes of hip resurfacing in a professional dancer: A case report
Kim Dunleavy, PT, PhD Assistant Professor, Wayne State University Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Physical Therapy Program, Detroit, Michigan, USA; Address correspondence to Kim Dunleavy PT, PhD, MOMT, OCS, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Physical Therapy Program, 259 Mack Ave., Detroit, MI 48201, USA. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
A new surgical option (hip resurfacing arthroplasty) is now available for younger patients with hip osteoarthritis. A more aggressive rehabilitation program than the typical total hip arthroplasty protocol is needed for active individuals.
This case report describes interventions used to maximize function in a 46-year-old professional dancer after hip resurfacing with a progressive therapeutic exercise program. Exercise choices were selected to address dance-specific requirements while respecting healing of the posterior capsular incision.
Strengthening focused on hip abduction, extension, and external rotation. Precautions included avoiding gluteal stretching until 6 months. Pelvic alignment and weight-bearing distribution were emphasized.
The patient was able to return to rehearsal by 7 months, at which time strength was equivalent to the unaffected leg. Range of motion reached unaffected side values at week 8 for internal rotation, week 11 for extension, week 13 for adduction, and week 28 for flexion.
External rotation and abduction were still limited at 1 year, which influenced pelvic alignment with resultant pain on the unaffected side. Functional and impairment outcomes are presented with timelines to provide a basis for postoperative benchmarks for active clients after hip resurfacing.
Although this case report presents a dance-specific program, exercise progressions for other active individuals may benefit from similar exercise intensity and sports-specific focus. Future rehabilitation programs should take into account possible flexion and external rotation range limitations and the need for gluteal muscle strengthening along with symmetry and pelvic alignment correction.
Long-term studies investigating intensity of rehabilitation are warranted for patients intending to participate in higher level athletic activity.
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