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Early to mid-term results of ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement: ANALYSIS OF BEARING-SURFACE-RELATED COMPLICATIONS [Hip]

Author: Stafford, G. H., Islam, S. U., Witt, J. D.
Publication: Journal of Bone and Joint SurgeryBritish Volume
Volume: 93-B, Issue: 8, Pages: 1017 to 1020 Date: Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in hip replacement have low rates of wear and are increasingly being used in young adults. Our aim was to determine the incidence of audible phenomena or other bearing-related complications.We retrospectively analysed 250 ceramic-on-ceramic hip replacements in 224 patients which had been implanted between April 2000 and December 2007. The mean age of the patients at operation was 44 years (14 to 83) and all the operations were performed using the same surgical technique at a single centre.

At a mean follow-up of 59 months (24 to 94), the mean Oxford hip score was 40.89 (11 to 48). There were six revisions, three of which were for impingement-related complications. No patient reported squeaking, but six described grinding or clicking, which was usually associated with deep flexion. No radiological evidence of osteolysis or migration of the components was observed in any hip.

The early to mid-term results of contemporary ceramic-on-ceramic hip replacement show promising results with few concerns in terms of noise and squeaking. Positioning of the acetabular component remains critical in regard to the reduction of other impingement-related complications.